Enteric Fever Fever Medical Typhoid Typhoid Fever

Typhoid Fever

Typhoid Fever


Typhoid Fever Is Also Know As Enteric Fever . Typhoid Is Caused By Salmonella Typhi.

There Are Two Types Of Enteric Fever

• Typhoid Fever
• Parathyroid Fever

    Symptoms Of Typhoid Fever Are :

  • Fever
  • Severe Headache
  • Anorexia [Eating Disorder]
• Relative Bradycardia [P = 0.003]
Splenomegaly [ Enlargement Of Spleen( फियो को बृद्धि)]


Incubation Period : 10-14 days

Mode Of Infection :

• It’s transmitted by Faecal-Oral Route
• It’s also transmitted by Contaminated Water,Milk & Foods.
Differential Diagnosis [ Same Signs & Symptoms For Other Disease ]
• Tuberculosis
• Malaria
• Kala-azar

Investigation : 

• Blood Test : Total Count (TC), Differential Count (DC) , Hemoglobin (Hb%),ESR
• Serology [ Diagnostics examination of blood serum ] : Widal Test [ Presumptive diagnosis of typhoid ]
• Stool Culture in 3rd week and Urine Culture in 4th week

Treatment :

• Bed rest
• Care of mouth,eye,skin
•Tab. Ciprofloxacin 500 mg X  12 hours X 14 days • Chloramphenicol 750 mg X 6- hourly till fever persist then 500 mg X 6 – hourly for 14 days
• Amoxicillin 750 mg X 6 hourly
Cotrimoxazole 960 mg X 12 hours
Complications :
• Bowel Perforation
• GI bleeding
• Cholecystitis
• Pneumonia
• Myocarditis
• Meningitis

Preventive Measures :

• Public awareness about hand washing
• Pasteurize or boil milk
• Control fly bleeding

Vaccine :

• Monovalent typhoid vaccine
• Bivalent typhoid vaccine
• TAB vaccine


Download PDF File Of Typhoid 


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